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SAP Glossary

GUI (Graphic User Interface)
A graphical interface used by SAP environment as part of the three tiers. Also known as frontend.

IMG  (Implementation Management Guide)
It is a hierarchical structure that reflects the R/3 component hierarchy and contains every configuration activity. Released from version 3.0 onwards.

Instance
It means application server and each one has its own set of work processes.

SysID
A set of three letters or number that identify a system. Some sets are not allowed because they are used by SAP. They are informed when the system is installed.

ITS (Internet Transaction Server)
It links the R/3 application server with one or more Web servers, thus enabling the R/3 to communicate with the Internet.

OSS (Online Service System)
SAP's Online Service System offers fast and effective help for R/3 System problems. It is also the basic element of communications between customers, partners, and SAP.

RFC (Remote Function Call)
A way to implement communication between application programs via Abap/4 function call.

IDoc (Intermediate Document)
An IDoc is a data container for data exchange between SAP systems or between an SAP system and an external system.

Archiving – SAP’s terminology for the functionality that purges transactions and master data from the SAP database.  The SAP literature states that archived data can be restored to the production system.  For practical purposes however, this is not recommended. 

DART – An acronym for Data Archiving and Retention Tool.  This is SAP functionality which allows you to periodically extract and retain data from your R/3 system.  The data is extracted into a sequential file.  DART provides tools for viewing the retained data in different ways. 

Legal Data – As used in this document, this refers to the requirements imposed by the IRS, State tax authorities and other tax authorities for the long-term retention of business data to support taxes paid and other legal requirements.

Operational Data  – As used in this document, this refers to the requests from customers, vendors or employees for business data.

Management Data – As used in this document, this refers to data that is used by management for business decisions.











 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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